Genesis and Functions
The National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC) was established by an Act of Parliament in 1963 as a statutory Corporation under the Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare.
Planning, promoting and financing programmes for production, processing, marketing, storage, export and import of agricultural produce, food stuffs, certain other notified commodities e.g. fertilisers, insecticides, agricultural machinery, lac, soap, kerosene oil, textile, rubber etc., supply of consumer goods and collection, processing, marketing, storage and export of minor forest produce through cooperatives, besides income generating stream of activities such as poultry, dairy, fishery, sericulture, handloom etc.
NCDC Act has been further amended which will broad base the area of operation of the Corporation to assist different types of cooperatives and to expand its financial base. NCDC will now be able to finance projects in the rural industrial cooperative sectors and for certain notified services in rural areas like water conservation, irrigation and micro irrigation, agri-insurance, agro-credit, rural sanitation, animal health, etc.
Loans and grants are advanced to State Governments for financing primary and secondary level cooperative societies and direct to the national level and other societies having objects extending beyond one State. Now, the Corporation can also go in for direct funding of projects under its various schemes of assistance on fulfillment of stipulated conditions.
Organisation & Management
The Management vests in 51 member widely represented General Council to give shape to its policies and programmes and Board of Management with 12 members to cater to day-to-day activities. Besides its Head Office, NCDC functions through 18 Regional/State Directorates. The Managing Director is the Chief Executive. Various functional divisions look after the programmes. The field offices play an important role in project identification/formulation and oversee its implementation. NCDC is endowed with in-house technical and managerial capabilities in the areas of Cooperation, Organisation & Methods, Financial Management, Management Information Systems, Sugar, Oilseeds, Textiles, Fruits & Vegetables, Dairy, Poultry and Live stock, Fishery, Handlooms, Civil Engineering, Refrigeration and Preservation to help cooperatives to identify/formulate projects and successfully implement them.
Finance and Financing
Sources of Funds
Internal accruals, market borrowings and allocations from Government of India including International assistance.
Purposes for which assistance is provided
· Margin money to raise working capital finance (100% loan)
· Strengthening of share capital base of societies (100% loan)
· Working capital to regional/state level marketing federations (100% loan).
· Term loan for creation of infrastructural facilities like godowns, cold storages, equipment financing, purchase of transport vehicles, boats and other tangible assets
· Term and investment loan for establishment of new, modernisation/ expansion/rehabilitation/diversification of agro-processing industries.
· Subsidy for preparation of project reports/feasibility studies etc.
Procedure of Sanction / Disbursal of Assistance
NCDC assistance is not individual beneficiary oriented but is meant for institutional development of Cooperatives. NCDC supplements the efforts of State Government. The State Governments recommend the proposal of individual society / project to NCDC in the prescribed schematic format. The Society may also avail direct funding of projects under various schemes of assistance on fulfillment of stipulated conditions. The proposals are examined in the concerned functional division and if need be on the spot field appraisal is undertaken. Thereafter, formal sanction of funds is conveyed to the State Govt. / Society. The release of funds depends on progress of implementation and is on reimbursement basis. The period of repayment of loan ranges from 3 to 8 years. The rate of interest varies from time to time.